Hair loss is a biological process in which hair goes through cycles of growth and hair loss, and hair loss occurs when the balance between growth and hair loss is disrupted. In women, by the age of 30, there is a spread on the middle of the scalp, and the most common changes are thinning hair and hair loss. growth.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. BL Jangid, Dermatologist and Hair Transplant Surgeon at SkinQure Clinic, South Delhi, explains: Hormonal effects can begin at the age of 20-25, which is more dependent on the genetic part. Therefore, if the genetic part is strong, the hormonal action on the hair is very aggressive. By 40-50% hair loss can be noticed, but this can be further increased by the action of hormones. ”
He said, “Most of the time, the cause of hair loss is male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness. Apart from this, problems that can cause hair loss include hair loss due to stress, hair loss due to deficiencies and taking certain medications, and diseases of the scalp. Also, when you reach the age of 35 to 40, you can develop ailments such as thyroid, diabetes, and high blood pressure, which can cause hair loss and hair changes.”
Dr. Shireen Furtado, Medical and Cosmetic Dermatology Consultant at Aster CMI Hospital, emphasizes: By gender, men suffer more from a familial pattern of hair loss called androgenetic alopecia. A whopping 50% of women experience significant hair loss, mostly due to nutrition. Female pattern baldness (FPHL) is the female equivalent of hair loss in men. ” According to her, the cause is:
- gene – Genetically, some people are more prone to visible patterned hair loss. Sometimes it skips generations.
- hormonal changes – During puberty or later in life, like PCOS, it can cause baldness.
- Menopause – When estrogen levels drop during menopause, FPHL can be unmasked.
- Toxic substances such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and some drugs.
- Procedures like hair straightening can also cause hair loss, and recent studies have also demonstrated the negative effects of these hair straightening products on the kidneys – AKI – acute kidney injury.
Hair loss treatment:
Dr. BL Jangid says, “If you have a problem or disease in your body, get it treated on time. If it is, there are medications that can help treat it, such as minoxidil and finasteride. It may be an add-on therapy to control
He argued: So the problem this age group can face is that strong medicine is not possible and the treatment process is already delayed. To do. ”
According to Dr. Shireen Furtado, when hair loss is caused by physical stressors such as disease, aging, genetics, or injury, it is difficult to prevent, but the right hair supplements can help promote hair growth and prevent hair loss. Very helpful to stop. She says, “You may be able to stop nourishing hair loss by eating a nutritious diet that contains the necessary elements in the form of vitamins, minerals and proteins.” It can change texture and growth patterns.
Helpful Hair Care Routines and Tips:
For men, Dr. BL Jangid recommends keeping your hair short. For women with long hair, he suggested: Gentle, non-sticky hair oil. For those struggling with dandruff, use sulfate-based shampoos as they are the best cleansers. The rest can be regular cleansers and sulfate-free shampoos that are good for hair maintenance. Additionally, conditioner is not usually required with this shampoo and can be used as an option.
He says, “Avoid applying heat to your hair tresses every day as it can seriously damage the hair cuticle. If your hair is healthy, it accepts all trauma, whether it’s heating or coloring. No. In addition, it keeps the scalp clean without using too much oil on the scalp.In addition, a balanced diet is important not only for the body but also for the hair.Supplements provide iron, vitamins, B12, protein, It can be given based on a blood test for folic acid deficiency. Additionally, there is scientific evidence arguing that after consuming regular biotin through a healthy diet, additional supplements must be taken for hair growth. Biotin deficiency is actually very rare and can be controlled through a healthy balanced diet. Biotin tablets are not recommended
If someone is noticing more than 100 strands of hair loss in a day, they should see a board-certified dermatologist who can understand what causes hair loss due to any of the above. People who suffer from hair loss in need to be on medication for the rest of their lives because the effects of hormones don’t go away forever, but the problem is that less than 2% of people continue treatment. The effect of the disease appears in 5 to 6 months, so it is necessary to continue taking it for the prescribed period, but because the effect is not visible or the effect is not seen, it is stopped after a few weeks to 1 to 2 months. improvement in their condition, so listen to your doctor and follow their suggestions to continue treatment.”