thyroid The disease is one of the most common endocrine disorders worldwide. In India, too, a significant number of people have been diagnosed with thyroid disease.according to statisticsAbout 32% of Indians suffer from various types of thyroid disorders such as thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroiditis and thyroid cancer. again, hypothyroidism According to a study conducted by the Indian Thyroid Association, it is more common in women than in men.
The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck and secretes hormones that control body functions. metabolismHypothyroidism causes hypothyroidism, while overproduction of thyroid hormones causes hyperthyroidism.
But have you ever wondered why the thyroid gland malfunctions? management Does identifying and treating the underlying cause improve the condition? Health expert Sumriti Kocher wrote on Instagram.
However, understanding the science behind how the body works and biochemistry can put many problems into complete remission. thyroid Disability, she added.
Smriti also shed light on the most common reasons for thyroid dysfunction. According to her, people aren’t exploring at all.
*autoimmunity — This is the body’s immune response against itself, in which the immune system begins to attack the thyroid gland. Most people can’t even test this.they don’t even know they might have autoimmunity A condition called Hashimoto’s or Graves’ disease.
*Exposure to heavy metals and use of excess fluoride. fluoride It competes with and depletes iodine in the body.
*inflammation Intestinal or infectious diseases combined with stress. 20% of the T4 hormone is made in the gut, which throws it off balance.
*Not eating enough of the targeted nutrients your thyroid needs to function properly. Especially vegetarians and vegans!
Diabetics are also at a higher risk of developing thyroid disease compared to non-diabetics, said Dr Shobha Gupta, medical director and fertility specialist at Mother’srup IVF Centre, New Delhi and Vrindurban.
Other causes are:
Iodine deficiency or excess iodine
According to Dr. Gupta, common thyroid symptoms include weight gain, fatigue, constipation, muscle and joint pain, sluggishness, cold intolerance, abnormal and irregular periods, and insomnia. . “Skin may become dry and thickened. Hair may become coarser or thinner. Sometimes eyebrows may disappear and nails may become brittle,” Dr. Gupta said.
What can I do to help?
If you notice any of the above symptoms, go for a TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) test, chest x-ray, T4 or thyroxine test immediately.
Hyperthyroidism can be treated in various ways. But Dr. Gupta reveals that doctors base their treatment choices on many variables, including the underlying cause of hyperthyroidism, the patient’s age, thyroid size, and the presence of comorbidities. bottom.
“If hypothyroidism is found, thyroid hormone replacement is very effective in restoring fertility. It may take a month or two to normalize thyroid hormone levels with medication. Once you start, you should check your TSH levels to make sure they are in the normal range.You should recheck your thyroid function every six months,” Dr. Gupta said.
In addition to a timely diagnosis, Dr. Gupta recommends lifestyle changes that include plenty of rest, diet, and exercise.
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